7 Tax Breaks for Home Improvements That Even Savvy Homeowners Sometimes Miss

SAVING & SPENDING - TAXES
Uncover the tax breaks hiding within your property upgrades so you know what to claim this year.
Updated April 9, 2024
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When many think of tax deductions, donations to charities or medical expenses might come to mind. 

But there are also home renovation projects that let you take deductions to reduce your taxable income and credits to lower the amount you owe so you can keep more money in your wallet.

Here’s what you need to know and how to leverage these tax opportunities this year.

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What is a home improvement vs. a repair?

Syda Productions/Adobe diy and home improvement concept

If you’re adding value to your house through additional bedrooms, bathrooms, energy-efficient lighting, or a new roof, then that is an improvement. 

It increases your property value and could be tax deductible, particularly if tackled in the same year you sell.

Meanwhile, a repair is something that simply returns a home to its original state. That could mean fixing a toilet or replacing windows without installing new energy-efficient products.

Can you claim an improvement or repair on your taxes?

LIGHTFIELD STUDIOS/Adobe notebook with ira roth lettering

There are stipulations and requirements surrounding any of the improvements and repairs that you can claim. 

In some cases, you can claim these once, in the year they were made, while in others, they can be spread over several years. This is called depreciation, and you can claim a portion every tax year for a set amount of time.

In other cases, you can claim the improvements or repairs if they were made prior to the sale of a property.

Improvements to a home office

fizkes/Adobe domestic interior or styling modern office

Since many people work from home and have no plans to go back to an office, home office improvements should be top of mind when it comes to tax savings. The space must be used regularly, and it can only be used as a home office. It can’t be a home office that doubles as a workout space or a guest bedroom.

In the case of a home office, improvements, like new paint or lighting, may be deducted over time with depreciation, but specific repairs might need to be taken in the year they occurred.

This deduction area is a no-brainer for the many people who’ve transitioned to contractor work.

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Improvements to your landscaping

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Part of making improvements to increase resale value includes the exterior of your home too. That means the pool on your wish list could be tax deductible if it improves your resale value.

Fencing, driveways, retaining walls, and other landscaping improvements all count toward this deduction.

However, similar to other resale value deductions, you’ll want to check with a tax professional on the best way to leverage this strategy.

Improvements to increase resale value

grinny/Adobe Professional plumber repair

This is where you can claim that kitchen or bathroom renovation you’ve been dreaming of as a deduction, as well as more practical projects like HVAC and electric improvements.

If you plan to sell your house and need to make improvements to get it market-ready, those improvements and repairs can be deducted. 

And these don’t always have to be done in the year you sell. You can make these improvements over several years and still take advantage of the deduction.

Improvements to make a home energy-efficient

slavun/Adobe white house

One of the newest ways to improve your home while saving on your tax bill is to invest in improvements that make your home more energy-efficient. 

You could get a tax credit for installing more energy-efficient HVAC systems, water heaters, windows, doors, roofing, and more. Plus, in some states, you could get a tax credit for the entire cost of a solar panel system.

Because these credits vary state by state, ask a tax professional to determine your best path forward toward energy efficiency.

Improvements to a rental property

Cavan/Adobe concrete pouring

If you make any improvements or repairs to rental properties, they are tax deductible. The rules around these deductions are much more generous than those for a primary residence.

You could replace the front door or install new recessed lighting in the kitchen. Maybe you’re installing a new oven or renovating a bathroom. 

These would count as deductions when done to a rental property, though some may be counted over several years, similar to the property value deduction.

Improvements for medical reasons

Krakenimages.com/Adobe woman sitting on wheelchair studying

If you have to widen doorways to accommodate a wheelchair; install a ramp, lower cabinets, a walk-in tub; or make other medically necessary adjustments for anyone in the household, these can be used as itemized tax deductions.

There are specific requirements for how these can be used. While you’ll probably make these improvements regardless of a tax strategy, it’s helpful to talk to a tax professional first.

Repairs due to natural disaster

Jürgen Fälchle/Adobe flooded house

Suppose you’re in the unfortunate situation of making repairs because of a flood, tornado, hurricane, or other natural disaster. In that case, you should be able to claim those repairs as tax deductions — if it was a federally declared disaster.

Make sure to keep all receipts. However, if your insurance company reimbursed you for the repairs, you can’t claim those repairs as a tax deduction.

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Bottom line

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Tackling projects to help reduce your tax burden is a smart way to grow your bank account when you’re doing well financially

If you've already improved your home this year, make sure you're prepared for tax season before it gets here. This can help you save quite a bit if you qualify for some of these deductions.

However, undertaking extra projects just to try to save money on taxes should be seen as a bonus, not a strategy, particularly if you’re not flush with extra income this year.

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Author Details

Heather Bien Heather Bien is a writer covering personal finance and budgeting and how those relate to life, travel, entertaining, and more. With bylines that include The Spruce, Apartment Therapy, and mindbodygreen, she's covered everything from tax tips for freelancers to budgeting hacks to how to get the highest ROI out of your home renovations.

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