If you’re in the market for a personal loan, you have a lot of options to choose from. In addition to more traditional funding sources, such as banks and credit unions, peer-to-peer lending marketplaces have become a leading contender for those who are looking to borrow.
With peer-to-peer lending, funding for loans is not provided by banks. Rather, the money comes from individuals who invest funds to be lent, in return for making profits through interest payments. This makes peer-to-peer lending more flexible than what can be found with traditional banks.
This trend started with the launch of Prosper in 2005, the first peer-to-peer lending marketplace in the U.S. Since then, Prosper has gotten more than 1 million loans off the ground and continues to grow, having recently gotten into home equity lines of credit.
We know that when you’re looking to take out a loan of any kind, you want to make sure any potential lender is reputable, offers fair terms and policies, and has the products that are right for your situation. This guide will help you evaluate Prosper as you research your borrowing options in the financial marketplace.
Is Prosper a good personal loan?
Prosper is the first peer-to-peer lending marketplace to launch in the U.S. Through its services, people with money to lend are connected with people who have the need to borrow. As borrowers make payments on their loans, those who have invested their money to fund the loan get a piece of the interest. The borrower wins by being able to get the money they need, while the investor makes a profit.
Prosper facilitates these loans and transactions, but the actual loans are made by WebBank, an FDIC-insured industrial bank that provides funding options for several loan marketplaces, such as LendingClub and Upgrade. Prosper makes money from transaction and servicing fees charged to both borrowers and investors.
Prosper launched in 2005 and is based in San Francisco, but it now also has an office in Phoenix, AZ. Since it launched, it has facilitated over $16 billion in loans to over 990,000 customers.
Prosper offers personal loans for various purposes, including debt consolidation, vehicle purchases, medical/dental expenses, home improvement, and more. Loans range from $2,000 to $40,000 at fixed rates and terms for borrowers. It also recently added options for home equity lines of credit for borrowers living in Alabama, Arizona, Florida, and Texas.
Which loan products does Prosper offer?
Prosper mainly offers personal loans that can be used for many different purposes, such as home improvements, debt consolidation, vehicle financing, weddings and engagement rings, new baby and adoption costs, and even small business expenses. They also now allow home equity lines of credit in Alabama, Arizona, Florida, and Texas. Here is a closer look at the two specific types of loans from Prosper.
Personal loans at Prosper
Like just about all personal loans, Prosper’s personal loans are unsecured, which means you don’t have to provide anything of value as collateral that could be taken should you be unable to repay the loan. Prosper loans can be between $2,000 and $40,000 and are offered for terms of either 3 or 5 years with a fixed APR (interest rate) that doesn’t change throughout the life of the loan.
Prosper calculates your loan’s APR based on several factors, one of which is the applicant’s “Prosper Rating.” This rating is generated by a proprietary system designed to evaluate the amount of risk associated with an application. You can get a preliminary rate check by filling out some basic information on the Prosper website. When you do this, Prosper will run a soft inquiry to your Transunion credit report, but this won’t affect your credit score.
Prosper will also look to see if you fulfill the basic criteria for taking out a loan, which includes having:
- Debt-to-income ratio of less than 50% (meaning if you make $50,000 per year ($4,167 monthly) before taxes/deductions, then you can’t owe more than $2,100 in monthly debt)
- More than $0 in income
- No bankruptcies within the past year
- Fewer than 5 hard inquiries to your credit file within the last 6 months
- At least 3 open loans or revolving credit accounts
You will also need to be a resident of a state where Prosper is allowed to offer loans, have a bank account, and be a U.S. citizen with a Social Security number.
If you want to move forward with any loan offers that are provided to you after the rate check, you’ll be asked for additional information and a hard inquiry will be made to your credit report. As with any hard inquiry, this will lower your score temporarily and the inquiry can remain on your record for up to 2 years.
Prosper personal loans can be used for a large number of purposes, from medical bills, debt consolidation, and purchasing a vehicle to home improvements, financing major life events, and covering short-term expenses. They can’t be used to pay for private and postsecondary education.
You can expect to pay a 2.4% to 5% origination fee (as of Dec. 30, 2019) when you accept any personal loan from Prosper. An origination fee helps the lender cover the costs of loaning you the money. Prosper’s origination fee is deducted from the total amount of your loan. There is no fee for prepaying your loan or paying off your loan early.
Home equity line of credit at Prosper
If you live in Alabama, Arizona, Florida, or Texas, and own a home, you may be eligible for a home equity line of credit from Prosper. This is a secured credit line that is based on the value of the equity in your home. You can use these funds for home improvements, financing large purchases, and consolidating debt, among many other reasons.
Prosper’s home equity credit lines have variable interest rates, meaning the interest rate will change depending on the current prime rate, which can fluctuate. Terms can last between 20 and 25 years, which is broken down into draw and repayment periods.
During a draw period, you can access money from your line of credit as needed. A draw period can be up to 10 years and during this time you can use up to the full amount of your credit line. For example, if you have a home equity line of credit for $10,000 with a 10-year draw period, you could borrow $2,500 the first year to recarpet a few rooms in your home, then another $1,500 the next year to pay off a few credit cards with small balances. This is in contrast to a loan, where you get a lump sum of money once and would need to apply for a new loan if you need more later.
You will make payments during the draw period on any amount you borrowed plus the interest that is accruing. However, you will also have the option to only pay on the interest during this time. This won’t lower your balance but can give you the option to make smaller monthly payments if needed.
After the draw period comes the repayment period. The repayment period can be between 10 and 15 years, during which you can no longer borrow on your credit line and you’ll be paying on both the principal and interest. Your payments will be based on how much you will have to pay monthly to repay the balance plus interest before the end of the term.
You can use the same rate check tool on the Prosper website to get an offer for a home equity line of credit without a hard inquiry on your report. Prosper claims that their more streamlined and digital process for completing a home equity line of credit application is much faster than what you would get with a competitor.
What Prosper customers are saying
Reviews about Prosper loans are very mixed, depending on where you look. Credit Karma has 277 customer comments about Prosper, adding up to a 4.7 out of 5-star rating. Comments include:
- “Fast results within hours of applying. Origination fee, but no penalty for early payoff. Deposited in account within days.”
- “It was a very fast process from beginning to end! Customer service was great and will definitely use again if necessary! They absolutely made my life much easier when time in need! Will definitely recommend to anyone!”
- “Simple, quick, straightforward.”
On the other hand, customer comments on the Better Business Bureau and Consumer Affairs websites convey general dissatisfaction with Prosper. The vast majority of the 37 Prosper reviews at Consumer Affairs give the company only 1 star and the average among all is less than 2 stars out of 5. The Better Business Bureau has 56 reviews and 128 customer complaints for Prosper, again averaging less than 2 stars out of 5.
Comments across both sites focus on issues with customer service, being charged unexpected fees, misunderstandings that preapproval offers are not a concrete offer, and requests for personal information that the reviewer felt was too much, such as direct access to checking accounts to see how an applicant spends and earns.
FAQs about Prosper
Can you pay off Prosper loan early?
Yes. Prosper allows you to pay off your loan early and will not charge you any prepayment fees if you choose to do so.
Does Prosper call your employer?
As part of its verification process, Prosper may contact your employer to ensure you have the income you claim on your application. Generally, they will request documentation to verify income, such as paystubs, tax returns, bank statements, etc. They may also search databases to confirm your income. However, they reserve the right to contact your employer directly, as well.
How many Prosper loans can I have?
Prosper sets a borrowing cap at $40,000 and allows you to open multiple loans with them. To be eligible to have an additional loan, your will have had to make at least 9 months of on-time, consecutive payments on your first loan and your account must be in good standing. Prosper does not limit the number of loans you can take out with them, but they can’t add up to more than $40,000 altogether.
How does Prosper make money?
Part of Prosper’s revenue comes from WebBank in exchange for bringing them customers they can make loans to. Prosper earns a transaction fee ranging from 1% to 5% from WebBank.
Prosper also makes money from collecting servicing fees from investors. For investors, Prosper charges a 1% annual loan servicing fee that’s applied to the outstanding balances of loans the investor has funded.
Is Prosper FDIC insured?
Prosper is a peer-to-peer lending marketplace, which allows investors to offer up funds for others to borrow. In return, investors make money on the interest paid by the borrower(s) through the loan their money has funded.
Investor funds are deposited into an account with Wells Fargo Bank, which is an FDIC member. Investor deposits are protected up to the amount allowed by FDIC insurance. However, Prosper also advises that other funds an investor may have deposited in another Wells Fargo account, such as a checking account, may count toward FDIC limitations.
All Prosper loans are actually originated by WebBank, a Utah-based industrial bank that is an FDIC member. After WebBank establishes a loan, Prosper will purchase it and then sell it to investors.
The final word on Prosper
Though Prosper was the first peer-to-peer lending marketplace in the U.S., there is little that differentiates it from its competitors. The process for borrowing with Prosper is pretty straightforward: check your rate, choose your loan, complete the application, get your money.
Prosper charges origination fees, which is common for most types of loans. But it also offers relatively low interest rates and doesn’t penalize you for prepayment, which are both plusses for any lender. Overall, Prosper is worth researching for your lending needs, but it should be one of several lenders to look at as you shop around.
All rates and fees are accurate as of Dec. 30, 2019.