8 Things To Know about Florida’s Taxes

Learn everything you need to know about Florida’s state taxes in our comprehensive guide.

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Updated July 18, 2024
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If you’re a Florida resident, you probably find plenty to love about the state, from its climate and beaches to its theme parks and top-notch cuisine. But there might be a few unique aspects of Florida life you find less exciting, starting with its state taxes.

Are Florida’s taxes more or less than those in other states? If you live in Florida, are you getting a good return on your state tax investment so you can keep more money in your bank account? We answer these questions and more in our guide to Florida’s state taxes.

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State income taxes

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Only seven states are entirely free of a state income tax, and Florida happens to be one of them. Even better, Floridians have an even smaller state tax burden than residents of some other income-tax-free states.

For instance, while Washington lacks a general state income tax, the state still levies a tax on capital gains for high earners. Florida doesn’t tax any aspect of its residents’ incomes, period.

Property taxes

Vitalii Vodolazskyi/Adobe property tax document on table

Out of all 50 states and Washington, D.C., Florida's effective property tax rate of 0.91% was the 26th-highest in the nation — Hawaii has the lowest property tax rate at 0.32%, while New Jersey has the highest at 2.23%. However, Florida’s low property tax rate hits differently depending on the home values in the city where you own property.

Florida’s real estate boom and cost of living meant the median home value (or list price) for a house in the state was $711,100 in 2022, and the average annual property tax was $6,489.40. As a result, residents of states with higher property tax rates but lower costs of living ended up paying far less in annual property taxes than the average Floridian.

In Texas, for instance, the property tax rate is 1.68% — not quite double Florida’s rate but substantially higher. (Texas has the 46th-highest property tax rate in the nation.) But because the median home value in Texas is much more affordable at $284,800, the average annual property tax payment is just $4,776.81.

Capital gains taxes

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Florida doesn’t tax capital gains. No matter how much you earn on investments and interest this year, you won’t lose any part of it to state taxes.

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Estate taxes

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Like most other states, Florida doesn’t impose an estate tax. You can leave an inheritance to your kids without worrying they’ll have to give up a portion of the estate to the state of Florida.

Fuel taxes

JJ Gouin/Adobe Gasoline fuel nozzle on money

As with property taxes, Florida’s fuel taxes are just barely above average compared to the rest of the United States. The average gas tax across the nation is around $0.29 per gallon, but Florida’s average per-gallon tax comes to $0.365.

While the average U.S. diesel tax comes to $0.31 per gallon, Floridians pay an average of just $0.374.

Social Security taxes

JJ Gouin/Adobe Social Security card besides banknotes

Seniors in Florida avoid throwing away money on Social Security taxes. Most states don’t tax your Social Security earnings, and — you guessed it — Florida is among them. Even though the state has a large population of seniors, it doesn’t take a cut of their Social Security benefits.

Sales taxes

Argus/Adobe sales tax sign outdoor

Florida imposes a flat sales tax rate of 6% on nearly all goods and services in the state. A handful of products have a lower tax rate, including new RV sales (3%), amusement machine receipts (4%), and commercial property renting, leasing, or licensing (4.5%). Electricity is the only commodity taxed at the slightly higher rate of 6.75%.

Finally, two items don’t incur sales taxes at all when purchased in Florida — the American flag and the Florida state flag.

How to file taxes in Florida

Proxima Studio/Adobe Accountant working with US tax forms

There’s more good tax news for Florida residents: Since you aren’t taxed by the state, you don’t have to file any tax paperwork with the state. The Florida state website does provide a link to the government’s tax e-filing site if you need to file taxes in any other state.

Do you get what you pay for in Florida?

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It’s time for the moment of truth. Do Florida taxpayers get a solid return on their investment, or does their tax burden fail to yield many positive results?

Thanks largely to Florida’s nonexistent income tax, the state ranks second in the nation in terms of securing a solid return on tax dollars. While the minimal state taxes mean Florida doesn’t have the resources to offer many government services, its low tax burden ensures state taxpayers have a little extra money in their pockets come tax season.

Plus, even without revenue from income taxes, Florida still manages to have the eighth-best roads and 15th-best bridges in the country. With rock-solid infrastructure and fewer taxes than most anywhere else in the nation, it’s easy to see why Florida is a top spot for retirees looking to make the most of their golden years.

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Bottom line

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Sunshine isn’t the only thing that makes Florida a popular destination. Having more cash in your wallet from not facing state income taxes, capital gains taxes, and Social Security taxes can make for a comfortable living situation, as long as you keep overall living costs in check.

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Author Details

Michelle Smith

Michelle Smith has spent a decade writing for and about small businesses. She specializes in all things finance and has written for publications like G2 and SmallBizDaily. When she's not writing for work at her desk, you can usually find her writing for pleasure near large bodies of water.